A decade from now, the kingdom could look more like the United Arab Emirates, its prosperous and relatively forward-looking neighbor. Trump and the new crown prince pledged "close cooperation" on security and economic issues, according to the White House, and the two leaders also discussed the need to cut off support for terrorism, the recent diplomatic dispute with Qatar, and the push to secure peace between Israel and the Palestinians. Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain cut diplomatic and trade links with Qatar [in June 2017], suspending air and shipping routes with the world's biggest exporter of liquefied natural gas, which is home to the region's biggest U.S. military base.  In April 2018, the first public cinema opened in Saudi Arabia after a ban of 35 years, with plans to have more than 2,000 screens running by 2030. , A former Saudi intelligence chief and senior member of the Saudi royal family, Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, dismissed the CIA's reported finding that Mohammed bin Salman ordered the journalist's killing, saying that "The CIA has been proved wrong before. , In late 2015, Prince Mohammed attended a meeting between King Salman and U.S. President Barack Obama, where the prince broke protocol to deliver a monologue criticising U.S. foreign policy. The kingdom aims to build 16 nuclear facilities over the next 20 years. تلقى ولي العهد السعودي الأمير محمد بن سلمان، الجمعة، لقاحاً مضاداً لفيروس كورونا (كوفيد - 19)، حسبما أفادت وكالة الأنباء السعودية (واس). , In October 2017, he said that the ultra-conservative Saudi state had been "not normal" for the past 30 years, blaming rigid doctrines that had governed society in a reaction to the Iranian Revolution, which successive leaders "didn't know how to deal with". " On 5 December 2018, UN Human Rights chief Michelle Bachelet asked for an international investigation to determine who was behind the journalist's murder.  She is a granddaughter of Rakan bin Hithalayn, who was the head of the Al Ajman tribe.  Saudi Arabia has seen profound changes in recent years. Hashtag' becomes fall guy in Khashoggi case, but is he really down? The Israeli Foreign Ministry’s Arabic-language page shared the photo, which promptly went viral. , On 27 April 2020 the Human Rights Commission of Saudi Arabia reported the enactment of a royal decree abolishing death penalty for crimes committed by minors.  Hatoon al-Fassi, an associate professor of women's history at King Saud University, was arrested shortly afterwards. , US President Trump expressed support for the move, tweeting "I have great confidence in King Salman and the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, they know exactly what they are doing....Some of those they are harshly treating have been 'milking' their country for years!  HRW's Middle East director Sarah Leah Whitson said, "Any execution is appalling, but seeking the death penalty for activists like Israa al-Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behaviour, is monstrous. , Mohammed bin Salman leads the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen against the Houthi rebels, who in 2015 seized Sana’a and ousted the Saudi-backed Hadi government, ending multilateral efforts towards a political settlement following the 2011 Yemeni uprising. American intelligence officials believe that "boss" was a reference to the crown prince. Israeli media are reporting that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu flew to Saudi Arabia for a clandestine meeting with Crown Prince Mohammed bin … , Prince Mohammed's ideology has been described as nationalist and populist, with a conservative attitude towards politics, and a liberal stance on economic and social issues. Thank you!Copyright © IDM 2020, unless otherwise noted. Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic: حمدان بن محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم ) (born 14 November 1982) is the Crown Prince of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.He is popularly known as Fazza (Arabic: فزاع ), the name under which he publishes his poetry, and which means "the one who helps" in Arabic. The Interpol notice against Aljabri was removed, citing that he was a political opponent to Mohammed bin Salman.  John Sawers, a former head of the British MI6, stated that in his judgment of the evidence it is "very likely" that Mohammed bin Salman ordered the killing of Khashoggi. Donald Trump described the Saudi response to the killing as "one of the worst in the history of cover-ups." The crown prince is the one who is to succeed to the throne.  He has been described by observers as an autocratic leader with no tolerance for dissent against him or the Saudi royal family. The commercial operations of the railway began on 11 October 2018. Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود, romanized: Muḥammad bin Salmān bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd; born 31 August 1985), colloquially known as MBS, is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. , Mohammed advocates fiscal austerity and leads a "crackdown on corruption and self-enrichment".. , The recording of Khashoggi's killing collected by Turkish intelligence reportedly reveals that one of the members of the kill team instructed someone over the phone to "tell your boss, the deed was done."  In November 2017, he ordered some 200 wealthy businessmen and princes to be placed under house arrest in Riyadh's Ritz Carlton hotel.  Other cultural developments under his reign include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadium to admit women, an increased presence of women in the workforce, and opening the country to international tourists by introducing an e-visa system, allowing foreign visas to be applied for and issued via the Internet. , Mohammed bin Salman slashed the state budget, freezing government contracts and reducing the pay of civil employees as part of drastic austerity measures. Saudi Arabia, which had been spending $100 billion a year to keep services and subsidies going, had to admit defeat in November 2016. , In April 2017, bin Salman announced a project to build one of the world's largest cultural, sports and entertainment cities in Al Qidiya, southwest of Riyadh. , In a June 2019 article, The Guardian claimed that post Khashoggi's assassination, the media group became a target of hacking attempts made by a Saudi cybersecurity subdivision, as per an internal order document obtained by the group, with Saud al-Qahtani undersigned. Why not have a go at them together. Conflict Armament Research (CAR) reported that these weapons frequently ended up in the hands of the Islamic State members.  Kushner also inquired as to how the U.S. could support Prince Mohammed in the succession process. Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country.  In August 2018, the United Nations reported that all parties in the conflict were responsible for human rights violations and for actions which could be considered war crimes. Saudi King Salman has long supported the Palestinians in their effort to secure an independent state. , Despite praise for his strides towards the social and economic liberalisation of Saudi Arabia, international commentators and human rights groups have been openly critical of bin Salman's leadership and the shortfalls of his reform program, citing a rising number of detentions and alleged torture of human rights activists, the Saudi bombing campaign in Yemen which has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis and famine, the escalation of the Qatar diplomatic crisis, the start of the Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute, the start of a diplomatic spat with Canada, the arrest of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017, a crackdown on feminists, the hacking and blackmailing of The Washington Post owner and world's wealthiest person, Jeff Bezos; and the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. , Mohammed bin Salman significantly restricted the powers of the religious police.  In June 2016, he travelled to Silicon Valley and met key people in the US high tech industry, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.  His style of ruling has been described as extremely brutal by journalist Rula Jebreal and authoritarian by Jamal Khashoggi and Theodor Winkler.  Saudi Arabia had issued an extradition request and Interpol notices to bring back Saad Aljabri, who was US’ anti-terrorism contact in Middle East and was staying in Canada since 2018. , In August 2020, Saad Aljabri, a former top Saudi intelligence official filed a lawsuit in a Washington D.C. Federal Court that Mohammed bin Salman is alleged to have dispatched a 'Tiger Squad' to Canada during October 2018 to assassinate Saad, who was the closest adviser to MBS's chief rival, former Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, known as MBN. The UAE was pushing for the idea of helping Russia stabilise Syria and enabling the Assad regime in the country. He is also the deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain Defense Force . On 10 January 2016, The Independent reported that "the BND, the German intelligence agency, portrayed...Saudi defence minister and Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman...as a political gambler who is destabilising the Arab world through proxy wars in Yemen and Syria.  The announcement followed plans to develop a 34,000 square kilometre area across a lagoon of 50 islands on Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coastline into a luxury tourism destination with laws on a par with international standards. These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate.  In response to Canada's criticism, Saudi Arabia expelled Canada's ambassador, and froze trade with Canada. The Royal Standard of the Crown Prince consists of a green flag, with an Arabic inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem embroidered in Silver in the lower right canton. ", "Saudi Arabia: Arrest of two prominent activists a deadly blow for human rights", "Saudi security forces clamp down on dissent", "Saudi Prosecutor Says 17 Detained in Case Against Activists", "Saudi police arrest three more women's rights activists", "Saudi Arabia releases eight people held in activist crackdown", "Dr Hatoon Ajwad al-Fassi هتون أجواد الفاسي", "Prominent Saudi women's rights activist detained as driving ban lifted: sources", "Saudis arrest another women's right activist", "Saudi Arabia seeks death penalty against female human rights activist", "Saudi Arabia 'seeks death penalty for woman activist, "Saudi Prosecution Seeks Death Penalty for Female Activist", "Who Is Israa al-Ghomgham? Certain that Mohammed bin Salman to consolidate his position `` is more a! Different related activities 137 ], in June 2019, a UN report linked bin Salman played a political... 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